Tacoma, Washington

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“Tacoma” redirects here. For other uses, see Tacoma (disambiguation).
Tacoma
City
City of Tacoma
Montage of Tacoma, cir. early 2012.jpg
Flag of Tacoma
Flag
Official seal of Tacoma
Seal
Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State
Location of Tacoma in
Pierce County and Washington State
Coordinates: 47°14′29″N 122°27′34″WCoordinates: 47°14′29″N 122°27′34″W
Country United States
State Washington
County Pierce
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Marilyn Strickland (D)
Area[1]
 • City 62.34 sq mi(161.46 km2)
 • Land 49.72 sq mi (128.77 km2)
 • Water 12.62 sq mi (32.69 km2)
Elevation 243 ft (74 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 198,397
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 203,446
 • Rank US: 107th
 • Density 3,990.3/sq mi (1,540.7/km2)
 • Metro 3,610,105 (US: 15th)
Demonym Tacoman (plural: Tacomans)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes
Area code 253
FIPS code 53-70000
GNIS feature ID 1512713[5]
Website www.cityoftacoma.org

Tacoma (/təˈkmə/, US dict: tə·kō′·mə) is a mid-sized urban port city in and the county seat of Pierce County, Washington, United States.[6] The city is on Washington’s Puget Sound, 32 miles (51 km) southwest ofSeattle, 31 miles (50 km) northeast of the state capital, Olympia, and 58 miles (93 km) northwest of Mount Rainier National Park. The population was 198,397, according to the 2010 census.[7] Tacoma is the second-largest city in the Puget Sound area and the third largest in the state. Tacoma also serves as the center of business activity for the South Sound region, which has a population of around 1 million people.

Tacoma adopted its name after the nearby Mount Rainier, originally called Mount Takhoma or Mount Tahoma. It is known as the “City of Destiny” because the area was chosen to be the western terminus of theNorthern Pacific Railroad in the late 19th century. The decision of the railroad was influenced by Tacoma’s neighboring deep-water harbor, Commencement Bay. By connecting the bay with the railroad Tacoma’s motto became “When rails meet sails.” Today, Commencement Bay serves the Port of Tacoma, a center of international trade on the Pacific Coast and Washington state’s largest port.

Like most central cities, Tacoma suffered a prolonged decline in the mid-20th century as a result of suburbanization and divestment. Since the 1990s, developments in the downtown core include the University of Washington Tacoma; Tacoma Link, the first modern electric light rail service in the state; the state’s highest density of art and history museums; and a restored urban waterfront, the Thea Foss Waterway. Neighorborhoods such as the 6th Avenue District have become revitalized.

Tacoma-Pierce County has been named one of the most livable areas in the country.[8] Tacoma was also recently listed as the 19th most walkable city in the country.[9] In contrast, the city is also ranked as the most stressed-out city in the country in a 2004 survey.[10] In 2006, women’s magazine Self named Tacoma the “Most Sexually Healthy City” in the United States.[11] Tacoma is famous for the 1940 collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge. Prior to that event, Tacoma was most noted for the Tacoma riot of 1885.